Intel RealSense 3D camera incorporates IMU

November 26, 2018 //By William Wong
Intel RealSense 3D camera incorporates IMU
Intel ups the ante with its D435i RealSense 3D camera by incorporating an IMU into the system.

Intel’s D415 and D435 RealSense 3D cameras made a splash when they were released. These low-cost, USB 3-based cameras provide a high-resolution video stream as well as a matching 3D-depth data stream that’s very handy for robots and drones. The new D435i (Figure 1), built on the same D435 90- × 25- × 25-mm form factor, includes a Bosch inertial measurement unit (IMU).

Figure 1: The D435i (top) looks identical to the D435, but it includes a Bosch BMI055 6DOF IMU. The sensor and electronics (bottom) are available separately as well.

The D435i’s 2-Mpixel RGB camera and 3D sensor deliver 1280- × 720-pixel streams at 30 frames/s or a lower-resolution 848- × 480-pixel stream at 90 frames/s. It has a global shutter to handle faster movement and can operate indoors and outdoors. Depth range is between 0.1 and 10 m, and field-of-view is 85 × 58 degrees. It has a depth error under 2% at 2 m.

The new addition in the D435i is a Bosch BMI055 IMU with six degrees of freedom (6DOF). The IMU includes a 3D 12-bit acceleration sensor and a 16-bit, ±2000°/s gyroscope. The BMI055 is designed to deliver low-noise measurements of angular rates and acceleration. That’s akin to the 6DOF sensors in smartphones and other mobile devices.

The D435i and siblings are supported by the Intel RealSense SDK 2.0. The monitor application (Figure 2) has been enhanced to handle the IMU data.

Figure 2: Intel’s RealSense SDK app now presents the IMU’s 3D accelerometer and gyro data (right side).

Many developers were already using the D4x5 cameras with their own external sensors. However, integrating the IMU with the 3D camera does more than just reduce the parts count. The IMU information is synchronized with the data frames generated by the 3D-depth sensor and the video image. This could allow features like image stabilization to be added as well as provide better information about the environment.

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