Threats to shipping are no longer just a theoretical threat but a reality
In 2017, goods with an estimated weight of around 10.7 billion tons were transported by sea. Despite current geopolitical and trade tensions, trade is generally expected to continue to grow. There is ample evidence that states are experimenting with direct attacks on ship navigation systems. At the same time, attacks on the computer networks of ships used to extort ransom have been reported. Port logistics offers a second, overlapping area of vulnerability. Many aspects to shipping that can be vulnerability to attack such as ship navigation, port logistics and ship computer network. Attacks can originate from states and activist groups. This makes monitoring and understanding a key factor in modern maritime Cybersecurity.
 Vulnerabilities in real-time operating systems could herald the end of the patch age
It is estimated that by 2025 there will be over 75 billion networked devices on the Internet of Things, each using its own software package. This, in turn, contains many outsourced and potentially endangered components. In 2019, Armis Labs discovered eleven serious vulnerabilities (called "Urgent/11") in the real-time operating system (RTOS) Wind River VxWorks. Six of these flaws exposed an estimated 200 million IoT devices to the risk of remote code execution (RCE) attacks. This level of weakness is a major challenge as it is often deeply hidden in a large number of products. Organizations may not even notice that these vulnerabilities exist. In view of this, the procedure of always installing the latest security updates will no longer be effective.
For further information see the Cybersecurity Trends 2020 whitepaper.
See also: ZTE opens cybersecurity lab in Brussels